As mentioned, although ENAV is a service company that does not, therefore, have a particular direct impact on the environment, various steps have been taken to reduce consumption and consequent impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, electromagnetic pollution, etc.

Our environmental policy, which is to be published in the coming months of 2019, will aim to establish policies that take into account all the forms of pollution that directly and indirectly concern the company in order to develop an overall action strategy substantiated, in part, by a system of quantitative and qualitative performance indicators.

In the meantime, as specified in the Code of Ethics, the Group, in full compliance with current environmental legislation, pays particular attention to the promotion of activities and processes that are as compatible with the environment as possible through the use of advanced technologies and standards in the areas of environmental protection and the sustainable use of resources. The Group, therefore, undertakes, within the scope of operations and business initiatives, to consider essential environmental needs
and to minimise the negative impact that our business activities have on the environment.


Consumption by the ENAV Group in 2018

ENAV Group emissions in 2018

1 Figure does not include company cars for business and personal use.

ENAV has two positions within the organisation who work to manage consumption more efficiently and minimise environmental impact, the energy manager and the mobility manager, who are responsible for identifying the actions, and procedures necessary to promote a rational use of energy and fuel.

It must be remembered that all the sites of the ENAV Group, the Towers (TWR) and Control Centres (ACC), the radar sites, the TBT radio centres, the runway lighting systems, and the radio-navigation aids are powered by electricity and, in the event of power outages, by diesel-fuelled backup generators. Therefore, for several years now, the ENAV Group has taken care to ensure that all generators are included in the list of equipment that generates little pollution (listed under Annex I to DPR 25/07/91).

During the year, ENAV defined a new Energy Audit Plan, compliant with Article 8 of Italian Legislative Decree 102/2014, which concerns the airports of Genova, Olbia, Bari, Firenze, Milano Malpensa, Bergamo Orio al Serio, Lamezia Terme, Catania, Milano Linate and Lampedusa, the two ACCs of Milano and Brindisi, and the radar/TBT centre at Poggio Lecceta.

Energy analysis will enable the Group to plan new projects and actions to improve energy efficiency and consequently reduce CO2 emissions.

The most significant investment for the procurement of renewable energy by the Group over the years concerns the use of the “Photovoltaic Control Towers” of the ENAV Group. Within this context, in 2018 ENAV completed the construction of the photovoltaic plants at the lighting substation in Genova and at the systems block at the Genova airport. Four new 20 kWp photovoltaic sites are also being planned for construction at Lampedusa Airport, Brindisi Airport, the Masseria Orimini (TA) radar/TBT site, and the
Brancasi radio/TBT centre.

Photovoltaic tower
at Bari Airport
All the operating systems of the Bari TWR are powered, during the day, by a photovoltaic plant positioned on the roof of a large car park. The 100 kWp system meets about 1% of the daily needs of the structure and receives an incentive on the production of energy of €0.202/ kwh for an estimated production of about 100,000 kWh/yr. Primary energy savings is 26 TOE/yr with a reduction of 76 tCO2/yr./a.
ENAV Headquarters
in Rome
The building that houses the headquarters has a photovoltaic plant with a power output of 80 kWp, which is located on the roof.
The system consists of 336 modules of 240 W each in polycrystalline silicon with an estimated production of over 88,000 kWh/yr and primary energy savings of about 0.3%.
Primary energy savings is 20 TOE/yr with a reduction of 60 tCO2/yr.
Photovoltaic tower at Ancona-Falconara AirportThe tower at Ancona-Falconara Airport produces clean and subsidised energy.
The roof-top system was built in 2008 with a power output of 43 kWp.
It was the first airport photovoltaic installation, and it receives an incentive of the second energy account issued by the Electricity System Operator (ESO) in the amount of €0.36 per KWh produced, in addition to roughly €0.20/kWh for the savings in the consumption of electricity produced and not drawn from the grid.
Primary energy savings is 11 TOE/yr with a reduction of 32 tCO2/yr./a.
Brindisi ACCThe ACC photovoltaic plant contributes to powering all operating systems for air traffic control using clean energy.
It has a peak power output of 63.36 kWp with an estimated production of about 88,700 kWh/yr.
The photovoltaic modules have been installed on the roof and on a covered car park.
In this case, too, ENAV receives an incentive from the ESO on the energy produced.
Primary energy savings is 16 TOE/yr with a reduction of 48 tCO2/yr.
Bitonto Non-Directional
Beacon (NDB)
This plant was constructed near the non-directional beacon (NDB) at the Bari Airport, in Bitonto, with a power output of 100 kWp.
It was built to power the NDB site, and the electricity produced in excess of its power needs is added to the power grid on a net-metering contract.
Primary energy savings is 26 TOE/yr with a reduction of 76 tCO2/yr.
In 2017, the 77 kWp photovoltaic plant was completed for the Napoli C.A. for selfconsumption,
and the 5.5 kWp photovoltaic plant for the C.A. lighting substation was built, in accordance with Legislative Decree No. 28 of 3 March 2011 for new buildings.
Finally, in 2018, two 5 kWp photovoltaic plants at the lighting substation in Genova and one 11 kWp plant at the new utilities block at Genova airport are currently being activated.

Although a snapshot of all fuel consumption is provided below by means of a list of the GRI Standard indicators, the policies and initiatives concerning the impact of the ENAV Group’s air fleet deserve special attention here. In recent years, in fact, a major process of fleet renewal and an adjustment of operating procedures were completed with an investment of approximately € 35 million. In 2018, jet fuel consumption of the Flight Inspection and Validation air fleet was 732,000 litres, with a consequent emission of 1.9 million KgCO2.