The Flight Efficiency Plan (FEP), aimed at creating an airspace structure geared towards satisfying the needs of airlines in planning increasingly shorter routes and with a vertical profile of continuous ascent and descent that reduces fuel consumption, is a plan that summarises the long-term efforts of the Group aimed at optimising the structure of the airway network, specifically to reduce flight time and aircraft fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. The Group therefore works to implement solutions that, in addition to ensuring the maintenance of safety levels, are oriented towards flight efficiency with the aim of helping to reduce operating costs, minimise the environmental impact, and introduce a cutting-edge navigation system into Italian airspace.

The plan contains both planned interventions in terms of airspace planning (implementation of new routes or improvement of existing ones, as well as the removal, when feasible, of constraints on the availability and usability of airspace for all phases of flight) and interventions at the level of automation of airport collaboration for efficiency in the movement of aircraft on the ground (reduction in times for taxiing and waiting for take-off).

In order to provide a practical solution to the objectives defined in the Flight Efficiency Plan, the ENAV Group carries out route rectification, defines an airspace structure that ensures fulfilment of the requirements envisaged by the plan, implements updates and technological adaptations, and sees to the progressive implementation of the Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM) programme at major airports.

Also fundamental to achievement of the objectives envisaged by the plan is the continuous training of personnel involved in operations, which begins with training courses for students at the ENAV Academy and continues with acquisition of the skills need to work at the Company’s various sites. In this regard, the Group also provides for specific training of personnel for each of the actions taken to make the airspace structure more efficient.

Within the scope of the objectives of the FEP, in December 2016 (roughly 6 years ahead of the deadline set by European regulation for the Single European Sky defined in implementing regulation no. 716/2014)

ENAV implemented Free Route Airspace Italy (FRAIT). The project has made it possible for all aircraft flying above an altitude of 11,000 metres to cross Italian airspace along a direct route while no longer making reference to a precise route network, which has consequently been eliminated. Furthermore, in May 2018, the airspace reserved for FRA operations was further expanded, lowering the lower limit to 9,000 metres, in line with the provisions of Regulation 716/2014.

The ENAV Group was the first, among the 5 major European service providers1, to implement Free Route Airspace (FRA) and, with it, completed the plan for the reorganisation of Italian airspace that started in 2014 and which ensures the achievement of maximum flight efficiency, thereby generating benefits for both airlines and the environment.

Free Route Airspace is a revolutionary project for Italian and European air transport in that it allows airlines to plan the shortest possible route, flying directly from an entry point to an exit point in Italian airspace, thereby saving fuel and reducing harmful emissions and, consequently, costs, while maintaining safety levels in line with the requirements set by the ENAV Group for each development project.

In terms of results, comparative analyses have shown that, from December 2016 to December 2018, the program has resulted in saving approximately 75 million kg of fuel, with a simultaneous reduction in CO2 emissions of around 236 million Kg.

Given these results and in order to benefit from the advantages of Free Route Airspace, airlines have changed their flight schedules to increase routes flown within Italian airspace. The reduction of travel times associated with a structure of airspace oriented towards flight efficiency has, in fact, driven many customers to plan routes in Italy, for significant increases both in frequencies of city pairs (i.e. departure and destination) that were already of interest in Italian airspace and in flights for city pairs that had not been planned before Free Route Airspace.

THE “FREE ROUTE AIRSPACE ITALY” PROJECT HAS REDUCED THE IMPACT OF CO2 BY AROUND

95

MILLION  OF KG IN 2017

THE “FREE ROUTE AIRSPACE ITALY” PROJECT HAS REDUCED THE IMPACT OF CO2 BY AROUND

135

MILLION OF KG IN 2018