ENAV ensures navigational assistance to all aircraft, whether for overflight or for landing at one of Italy’s airports, by means of:
- 4 Area Control Centres (ACC) in Roma, Milano, Padova, Brindisi for the en route phase;
- 45 Control Towers at 45 civilian airports in Italy for the take-off, landing and ground movement of aircraft: Roma Fiumicino, Milano Malpensa, Milano Linate, Venezia Tessera, Bari, Bologna, Catania, Roma Ciampino, Napoli, Olbia, Orio al Serio, Palermo, Torino Caselle, Verona Villafranca, Alghero, Brindisi, Cagliari, Firenze, Genova, Lamezia Terme, Rimini, Ronchi dei Legionari, Treviso, Parma, Torino Aeritalia, Albenga, Cuneo, Brescia, Bolzano, Padova, Venezia Lido, Perugia, Ancona Falconara, Forlì, Roma Urbe, Pescara, Rieti, Salerno, Reggio Calabria, Comiso, Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Grottaglie, Crotone, Foggia
Air traffic control is guaranteed on a seamless basis starting from when the aircraft starts its engines to when it turns them off. The task of the air traffic controller, regardless of whether he or she operates from a Control Tower or from an area control centre, is in fact that of guaranteeing a minimum separation between aircraft of at least 5 miles on the horizontal plane and 1,000 feet on the vertical plane.